Launched in 1971, UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB) is an Intergovernmental Scientific Programme that aims to establish a scientific basis for the improvement of relationships between people and their environments.
MAB combines the natural and social sciences, economics and education to improve human livelihoods and the equitable sharing of benefits, and to safeguard natural and managed ecosystems, thus promoting innovative approaches to economic development that are socially and culturally appropriate, and environmentally sustainable.
An integral part of this process is conducting suitable research that can contribute towards and benefit the following objectives:
identify and assess the changes in the biosphere resulting from human and natural activities and the effects of these changes on humans and the environment, in particular in the context of climate change;
study and compare the dynamic interrelationships between natural/near-
ensure basic human welfare and a liveable environment in the context of rapid urbanization and energy consumption as drivers of environmental change