RESEARCH IN BIOSPHERE RESERVES
Biosphere reserves were first created in 1976 to help scientists, managers, and communities better understand how to conserve bio-
Subjects for Research in Biosphere Reserves
In principle, all research subjects that result from the guiding principle or framework concept concerned are relevant to a biosphere reserve. Research applies equally to the natural, social and economic sciences since ecological/nature conservation, economic and socio-
In biosphere reserves research is mainly dedicated to drawing up:
The aim for every biosphere reserve should be a thematically balanced range of research topics.
The Preconditions for Research in Biosphere Reserves
The administrative authorities of the biosphere reserves usually initiate, organise and coordinate the research projects of others (research institutes, higher education institutions, specialist administrations – with support from local experts and volunteers).
Together with the people in the region they identify relevant research topics. Harmonising the contents of projects is also important. Not all biosphere reserves have their own research budget, which would be essential to place research work ideally in terms of location, contents and time. It helps to ensure the compatibility of data, avoid duplicated data collection and ensures that existing information is used in the best possible way. Research activities also need to be guided in a way that is compatible with nature and society.
What Research and Monitoring can and cannot do
Above all, if research is to move biosphere reserves forward and give impetus to their development, creative approaches need to be applied and specific proposals for solutions are to be found. Thus planning-
The function of the BR administrations is the interface between research and/or monitoring and their implementation and is thus essential for the transfer of knowledge in the region.
Implemetation of Research
Biosphere reserves are attractive as research areas because of their focus on applied research, their interdisciplinary data and information pool and their logistical support through administrative bodies. In future, they should be used as pilot areas to a greater extent than in the past.
Measures to be taken are:
Social and economic sciences should be given a much higher standing than in the past since they are the source of most environmental problems. The following issues are important: