Education is one of the leading priorities in the country and specifically the need for education towards our environment and the ability to live sustainably is of primary importance.

Due to the growth of the importance of living sustainably, this aspect was previously known and referred to as Environmental Education, however, many Biosphere Reserves the world over have adopted the term “Education for Sustainable Development” instead as they have aligned to the importance of broad based sustainable living as opposed to in depth environmental knowledge.

Sustainability Education is often referred to as Education for Sustainable Development (ESD), which has been defined as: "Education for Sustainable Development allows every human being to acquire the knowledge, skills, attitudes and values necessary to shape a sustainable future.” (UNESCO, 2014.)

ESD empowers learners to take informed decisions and responsible actions for environmental integrity, economic viability and a just society, for present and future generations, while respecting cultural diversity. It is about lifelong learning, and is an integral part of quality education. ESD is holistic and transformational education which addresses learning content and outcomes, pedagogy and the learning environment. It achieves its purpose by transforming society.

Aspects covered within the concept of ESD within a biosphere reserve can include:

climate change,


disaster risk reduction (DRR),

and sustainable consumption and production (SCP)

In addition to the concepts covered, the Designing of teaching and learning in an interactive, learner-centred way that enables exploratory, action oriented and transformative learning is given priority. Rethinking learning environments.

ESD is intended to lead towards Societal transformation through Empowering learners of any age, in any education setting, to transform themselves and the society they live in through enabling a transition to greener economies and societies as well as equipping learners with skills for ‘green jobs’ and lastly, motivating people to adopt sustainable lifestyles.

In addition, the following learning outcomes are focused on in the process of ESD -  stimulating learning and promoting core competencies, such as critical and systemic thinking, collaborative decision-making, and taking responsibility for present and future generations